"From the evidence we have, it seems that this is how all human beings lived until 4000BC. In Saharasia James DeMeo uses the term “matrism” to refer to cultures which are “democratic, egalitarian, sex-positive, and possess very low levels of adult violence.” - Taylor
This has remained consistent with what I’ve found while researching.
Yes, there’s less evidence to go on for unsettled hunter-gatherer groups. But there is a good deal of evidence. Where it’s probably most apparent is in the large farming communities in northern Mesopotamia, the first settled communities, 1000’s of years before the first Patrist pocket in early Sumer.
“Catal Huyuk had an estimated 7000 inhabitants and flourished between 7000BC and 5500BC. In the 1500 years of its heyday, it shows no evidence of any damage by warfare; in fact, there is no sign of any violent contact between human begins at all. Catal Huyuk was apparently a multi-ethnic society, but there is no sign of any conflict between the different peoples who lived and worked there.” - Taylor
I go to Taylor and DeMeo often because they’re speaking about the evidence in this particular context. It often directly addresses the topic more so than other sources. But I do often use other sources to confirm what they’re claiming here.
I wouldn’t just load you guys down with a bunch of unsubstantiated BS.
Here’s a few quotes from people who would know. so you don’t just have to go by what I or Taylor says …
“it is an error, as profound as it is universal, to think that men in the food-gathering stage were given to fighting… All available facts go to show that the food-gathering stage of history must have been one of perfect peace.” - Archaeologist WJ Perry
“For the first ninety-five thousand years after the Homo sapiens Stone Age began (until 4000 BCE), there is no evidence that man engaged in war on any level, let alone on a level requiring organized group violence. There is little evidence of any killing at all.” - Anthropologist Richard Gabriel
“the prevailing view is still that male dominance, along with private property and slavery, were all by-products of the agrarian revolution…despite the evidence that, on the contrary, equality between the sexes - and among all people - was the general norm in the Neolithic.” -Riane Eisler, American Scholar, Cultural Historian