Continuing the discussion from J Mac Seeking a Pupil:
@J_Mac there has been a lot of work done to find out if entanglement allows faster than light transmission of information. If it did, quantum theory would violate relativity. On face value, it seems like some entanglement allows faster than light information transfer. This is on the face value, as a closer more rigorous look demonstrates that this is not the case. Quantum entanglement cannot send information faster than light. It is not that the experiments are false, but that they are not interacting with relativity in the way we initially think.
A great article looking at just this question:
This is one of the most confusing things about quantum physics: entanglement can be used to gain information about a component of a system when you know the full state and make a measurement of the other component(s), but not to create-and-send information from one part of an entangled system to the other. As clever of an idea as this is, Olivier, there’s still no faster-than-light communication.
This is one of the interesting things about both science and theology. We find that reality is more than what meets the eye. Our intuitions mislead us. As Fenyman puts it:
“Trying to understand the way nature works involves a most terrible test of human reasoning ability. It involves subtle trickery, beautiful tightropes of logic on which one has to walk in order not to make a mistake in predicting what will happen.” - Richard Feynman
This is one of the way that creation reveals to us something about God. Nature is unintuitive and surprising, befuddling our natural understanding. God, if He exist, we should expect would be the same.