I really need to know from expert scientists whether this experiment could potentially test for a Universal common designer existing in biology. So I am going to get right to it by defining what the designer is…
Universal common designer hypothesis
What I mean by “Universal” is existing by necessity in all possible worlds; what I mean by “common designer” is a non-classical (or quantum) mind that encompasses digital information and consciousness or agent causality according to Orch-OR’s theory of consciousness. Both combined make a Universal mind.
A. If this hypothesis is true, the designer would have to exist in all possible conditions or worlds to create and sustain all possible manifestations of life.
There are two sets of experiments that need to be performed to truly verify this prediction. When the conscious observer chooses a reaction environment to experiment on, the observer has to first test and determine whether or not life can be produced within that condition solely by allowing the natural conditions or processes to potentially produce specified complexity. The Miller-Urey and Lenski experiments would be great examples of how we have tested this, as far as I am concerned.
Then, another experiment must be performed that simulates almost the exact same natural condition, but the experimenter would guide these natural mechanisms or processes to produce specified complexity. For example, whenever unguided chemical processes under atmospheric conditions were left to themselves without any interference, they did not produce the desired results. Rather, the living state would always subside and turn into “useless networks of RNA sequences” as demonstrated by Szostak and Bartel (1993).They were able to solve this problem by tying the molecules onto a substrate to make sure the pool of RNA molecules do not diffuse and form intermolecular reactions, and, thus, safely incubated. This, however, is an unlikely occurrence within the primordial soup.
As a result, the combined outcomes of these experiments would produce evidence for the existence of an alien designer that created and developed our form of life. However, if we apply the same procedure to many different astrological and deep-sea conditions found on earth and other planets, it would show how a personal but necessary transcended agent exists in nature.
This is because even though the experimenter who produces life within each natural condition is finite and contingent, there could not be any conscious life before simple life emerged, which would thus require an ultimate conscious observer before the creation of finite observers to perform the act.
It is important to note that the conditions do not have to be the actual conditions that created our form of life but only a possible condition, Moreover, there is no established consensus on the definition of life and life could have arisen outside our biosphere under conditions as-yet unknown to us.
However, if, at some point, someone produces digital information within a possible condition in nature that does not require a conscious agent, then this would falsify the theory. This is because it would show how a possible condition could have created or developed life before the existence of finite conscious observers.
BTW, all of this information and ideas were derived and inspired by the work of Fuz Rana because I am not an expert myself. But, I did add a little bit of own ingenuity to it in order to make sure I made the case. I am really looking forward to this discussion. So let the games begin!