“Exceptionally large settlements developed in Catal Huyuk (7,500 to 5,700 BC) in Turkey and the Lepenski Vir settlement (dating back to 7,000 BC) located in the central portion of the Balkan peninsula. The Lepenski Vir culture gave way to the Vinča-Turdaș culture (5,000-4,500 BC), which at one point had populations estimated at 2,500 or more in some of the larger sites.”
Yes, it happened in many locations. Highly populated farming cultures. But the thing is, all these sites, as well as others not listed, remained egalitarian. No class stratification. You recall what you sited earlier? … “Scholars have defined civilization using various criteria such as the use of writing, cities, a class-based society,…”
So, when you say “it” happened, your “it” isn’t accurate. Yes, highly populated cultures formed around farming, but not the birth of civilization.
“It happened independently in many locations and did not require your “Genesis free will” fantasy.”
The part that does require my “Genesis free will fantasy” is free will. That’s what changed places like Sumer, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and changed them from egalitarian social dynamics to class stratified. One of the main criteria for determining whether or not a settlement qualifies as a “civilization” requires my “Genesis free will fantasy”.
You sited above what qualifies a settlement as a “civilization”. What about Jiahu qualifies? Just going by what you sited.