I also want to direct readers to @jammycakes review of Answers in Genesis’s (AIG) 10 best evidences for a young earth. He goes through all ten, doing a careful and well researched fact check. @jammycakes does not make use of methodological naturalism, but just looks at the honesty and accuracy of the claims made by AIG scientists. See his introduction here: An examination of Answers in Genesis’s ten best evidences for a young earth – How old is the earth?
We see this in the Bible’s demands for honesty in how we handle weights and measures. Deuteronomy 25:13-16 says this:
13Do not have two differing weights in your bag — one heavy, one light. 14Do not have two differing measures in your house — one large, one small. 15You must have accurate and honest weights and measures, so that you may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you. 16For the Lord your God detests anyone who does these things, anyone who deals dishonestly.
Other Bible verses demanding honest use of weights and measures include Leviticus 19:35-36; Ezekiel 45:10; Proverbs 11:1; Proverbs 16:11; Proverbs 20:10; Proverbs 20:23; Hosea 12:6-7; Amos 8:4-8; Micah 6:10-13. Repeatedly in the Bible, we are told that dishonest weights and measures are an abomination to the Lord.
For @Jammycakes, his starting premise is that scales must be fair. We have to be honest. The lack of honesty in how data is reported is what he hones in on. For example, notice how AIG places people in a photo to hide evidence against their position (in a conversation with @Joel_Duff and @J.E.S ) : Misrepresentation of Grand Canyon rock formations - Scientific Evidence - The BioLogos Forum.
I hasten to add that some YEC scientists are honest. Not all are dishonest. Some are very honest. See for example Todd Woods, who acknowledges that evolution is a successful theory. The truth about evolution.
My findings were as follows:
- Very little sediment on the sea floor. YEC Best Evidence 1: not enough sediment on the seafloor – How old is the earth? The calculations are invalid: riverine sediment ends up on the continental shelf, while the existing deposits being measured were those on the deep ocean floor.
- Bent rock layers that are not fractured. YEC Best Evidence 2: bent rock layers are not fractured — or are they? – How old is the earth? This claim is blatantly untrue, as can be seen by comparing the example given to higher-quality photographs of the same rock formation both by USGS and by Answers in Genesis themselves. Bent rock layers are fractured.
- Soft tissue in dinosaur fossils. YEC Best Evidence 3: the facts about soft tissue in dinosaur fossils – How old is the earth? While these findings are surprising, they do not contradict anything that we know about how long soft tissue can last, and in any case they are too rare and too badly degraded to be consistent with a young earth. Furthermore, many YEC accounts exaggerate the state of preservation of what was found.
- The faint young sun paradox. YEC Best Evidence 4: the faint young sun paradox – How old is the earth? Although it does suggest fine tuning, this says nothing about the age of the earth.
- Earth’s magnetic field is rapidly decaying. YEC Best Evidence 5: has the Earth’s magnetic field always been decaying? – How old is the earth? This is based on an invalid extrapolation that is contradicted not only by the data, but also by both young-earth and old-earth models of how the Earth’s magnetic field works.
- Too much helium in radioactive rocks. https://howoldistheearth.wordpress.com/2017/11/20/yec-best-evidence-6-helium-in-radioactive-rocks-and-the-importance-of-critical-peer-review/This is a very complex (and therefore error-prone) claim that is compromised by numerous serious errors including sloppy experimental technique, invalid assumptions, fudged data, misidentified rock samples, and a refusal to submit to meaningful peer review.
- Carbon-14 in fossils, coals and diamonds. YEC Best Evidence 7: ancient carbon-14 — intrinsic or contamination? – How old is the earth? The measured carbon-14 levels are consistent with known, measured, and well-studied contamination mechanisms.
- Short-lived comets. https://howoldistheearth.wordpress.com/2017/12/18/yec-best-evidence-8-short-lived-comets/ This denies that the Oort Cloud exists, based on an unrealistic assumption that absence of evidence is evidence of absence. It also disregards calculations of the historic orbits of known comets showing them to have been slingshotted closer to the sun by planets such as Jupiter.
- Very little salt in the sea. https://howoldistheearth.wordpress.com/2018/01/01/yec-best-evidence-9-not-enough-salt-in-the-sea-or-not-enough-precision-in-the-measurements/This is based on outdated and cherry-picked data, poorly known quantities with huge error bars, and a naive extrapolation of rates that can not realistically be expected to have been the same in the past as they are today. The most up to date research indicates that the amount of salt in the sea is approximately in a state of equilibrium, and that it therefore tells us nothing about the age of the earth.
- DNA in ancient bacteria. https://howoldistheearth.wordpress.com/2018/01/15/yec-best-evidence-10-dna-in-ancient-bacteria/ This is based on a single disputed study. It has not been satisfactorily demonstrated that the salt deposits and the bacteria themselves were the same age, nor that the salt crystals were undisturbed since their original formation.
Going back to the parable of the 100 year old tree. Maybe God did create earth recently, this however does not mean it will appear young to science. God could have created an ancient universe just a few thousand years ago. There is no good reason to make bad arguments for a young earth.
I highly encourage reading each of his posts. @jammycakes is not a scientist, but he does a good job making sense of the AIG arguments. Each of articles are really good reads.